Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies: Food-based ApproachesFood and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
Edited by B Thompson, FAO Italy, L Amoroso, FAO Italy
Micronutrient deficiency affects more than two billion people in the world today, contributing to the vicious cycle of malnutrition and underdevelopment. Micronutrient deficiencies have long-ranging effects on health, learning ability and productivity. Food-based approaches, which include food production, dietary diversification and food fortification, are sustainable strategies for improving the micronutrient status of populations. This book focuses on practical, sustainable actions for overcoming micronutrient deficiencies through increased access to, and consumption of, adequate quantities and an appropriate variety of safe, good-quality food.
Policymakers, agronomists, food and nutrition security planners, and health workers.
Foreword Preface Acknowledgments About the editors Contributors Introductory Chapter 1. Strategies for preventing multi-micronutrient deficiencies: a review of experiences with food-based approaches in developing countries, by R. S. Gibson 2. Addressing micronutrient malnutrition to achieve nutrition security, by P. Shetty 3. Agricultural interventions and nutrition: lessons from the past and new evidence, by M. Arimond, C. Hawkes, M. T. Ruel, Z. Sifri, P. R. Berti, J. L. Leroy, J. W. Low, L. R. Brown, and E. A. Frongillo4. A 3year cohort study to assess the impact of an integrated food- and livelihood-based model on undernutrition in rural western Kenya, by J. Fanzo, R. Remans, P. M. Pronyk, J. Negin, J. Wariero, P. Mutuo, J. Masira, W. Diru, E. Lelerai, D. Kim, B. Nemser, M. Muñiz, C. Palm, P. Sanchez, S Ehrlich Sachs and J. D. Sachs5. Food-based, low-cost strategies to combat micronutrient deficiencies: evidence-based interventions in Lesotho and Malawi by J. M. Aphane, N. Pilime, and N. J. Saronga6. Animal source foods as a food-based approach to address nutrient deficiencies and functional outcomes: a study among Kenyan schoolchildren, by C. G. Neumann, N. O. Bwibo, C. A. Gewa and N. Drorbaugh 7. Small animal revolving funds: an innovative programming model to increase access to and consumption of animal source foods by rural households in Malawi, by A. C. MacDonald, B. J. Main, R. H. Namarika, M. E. Yiannakis and A. M Mildon 8. Aquaculture's role in improving food and nutrition security, by B. Thompson and R. Subasinghe 9. A home gardening approach developed in South Africa to address vitamin A deficiency, by M. Faber and S. Laurie 10. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center's approach to alleviate malnutrition, by M. L. Chadha, L. M. Engle, J. d'A. Hughes, D. R. Ledesma and K. M. Weinberger 11. Introducing vegetables into the India Mid-Day Meal Programme (MDM): the potential for dietary change, by E. Muehlhoff, R. Ramana, H. Gopalan and P. Ramachandran 12. Developing micronutrient-rich snacks for pre-conception and antenatal health: the Mumbai Maternal Nutrition Project (MMNP), by D. Shivashankaran, S. Gurumurthy, S. H. Kehoe, P. S. Chheda, B. M. Margetts, P. Muley-Lotankar, A. Agarwal, N. Brown, S. A. Sahariah, V. Taskar, C. H. D. Fall and R. D. Potdar 13. Approaches and lessons learned for promoting dietary improvement in Pohnpei, Micronesia, by L. Englberger, A. Lorens, M. Pretrick, B. Raynor, J. Currie, A. Corsi, L. Kaufer, R. I. Naik, R. Spegal and H. V. Kuhnlein14. A food systems approach to increase dietary zinc intake in Bangladesh based on an analysis of diet, rice production and processing, by A. B. Mayer, M. C. Latham, J. M. Duxbury, N. Hassan and E. A. Frongillo 15. Combating iron deficiency: food-based approaches, by B. Thompson 16. Human micronutrient deficiencies: linkages with micronutrient deficiencies in soils, crops and animal nutrition, by M. Nubé and R. L. Voortman 17. Nationwide supplementation of sodium selenate to commercial fertilizers. History and 20-year results from the Finnish selenium monitoring programme, by G. Alfthan, P. Aspila, P. Ekholm, M. Eurola, H. Hartikainen, H. Hero, V. Hietaniemi, T. Root, P. Salminen, E.-R Venäläinen, and A. Aro 18. Leaf concentrate and other benefits of leaf fractionation, by M. N. G. Davys, F.-C Richardier, D. Kennedy, O. de Mathan, S. M. Collin, J. Subtil, E. Bertin and M. J. Davys 19. Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs): a methodology for conducting economic studies of food-based interventions such as biofortification, by A. Pérez Suárez
Amoroso has a Masters in Urban and Regional Planning for Developing Countries with emphasis on food and nutrition security and livelihood issues from the Istituto Universitario di Architettura di Venezia (IUAV), Venice, Italy. She has extensive international experience in food and nutrition security policy and programme-related activities, with childhood, gender and HIV/AIDS components, in Ethiopia, The Gambia and Nicaragua. Since 2007, she has been working as a Nutrition Consultant in the Nutrition Security and Policy Group, Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division, FAO, where she provides advice and support to policy, strategy, capacity building, advocacy and programme activities aimed at improving food and nutrition security among vulnerable population groups. Ms Amoroso also collaborates on several initiatives designed to strengthen linkages between food and nutrition security assessment and decision making at policy and programme level.
Thompson , MSc in Human Nutrition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, is a nutritionist with over 30 years of international development experience. He is Senior Nutrition Officer in the Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division of FAO dealing with Nutrition Security and Policy. Working initially for ICRC, WFP and UNICEF with the NGO community in Asia over five years, he led nutrition surveys, provided clinical treatment, designed and evaluated emergency relief and recovery programmes including feeding programmes, supported health prevention and promotion activities and coordinated the provision of comprehensive humanitarian aid to refugees and other vulnerable communities. He joined FAO Headquarters in Rome in 1987 and advises Member Countries on the development and implementation of policies, strategies and plans of action for promoting and improving food and nutrition security in both emergency and development contexts.
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